DATA BASE REF: H 1049

 

CASTOR IN WHITE BOOK OF PETERBOROUGH

The White Book of Peterborough ed Sandra Raban, Northants Record Soc 2001

All references to pages and entry nos are made to the above edition.

 

The White Book of Peterborough is a surviving manuscript from Peterborough Abbey, containing the registers of William of Woodford and Godfrey of Crowland, Abbots from 1295- 1321

These are abbreviated extracts.

 

P115 11 Oct 1300

In prescencia fratrum Simonis de Freston, Johannis de Walcot’ et Willemli de Jarewell’ domini J de Aysfortheby, Bernardi de Castre et aliorum

 

P151 entry no 146 Part of the 1291 Valuation of the Abbey’s spiritualities and temporalities:

Abbas de Burgo habet in Castre                          xiij li.  Xviij s. vj d.

 

P172 entry no154 Summary of rents, farms and customs from the Abbey’s manors:

 

Castre

Summa tocius redditus, firme, et consuetud’ de termino                     iiij li.            Xix s. qa.       

   natalis Domini cum termino sancti Martini

Summa de eisdem de termino Pasche cum termino                  vj li.            xj s.

   Purificationis

Summa de eisdem de termino sancti Johannis baptiste             iiij li.            v s.            iiij d. qa.

Summa de eisdem de termino sancti Michaelis                                  xv li.            xij s.            v d. ob.

Summa tocius per annum xxxi li. viij s. viij d.

 

P263 entry no 251 Note of the abbot’s liability for payment of a thirtieth (1306)

(Marginate) Castre

item idem abbas habet apud Castre xx quarteria frumenti, viij ordei, xxiiij avene, fenum cum fur’ xij s.; iiij afros prec’ afri v s.; viij boves pre’ bovis vij s.; iiijxx ova; x porcas prec’ porci xviij d.; carrucam cum ij equis xx s. Summa bonorum xvi li. xiij s. viij d. Unde tricesime ix s. xi d. ob

 

P281 entry no 280, Inquisition to establish those holding knight’s fees in Nassaburgh Hundred (  Jan 1315)

…Willelmum Cordel de Castr’, Willelmum Adam de Marham, Galfridum filium Radulphi de Sutton’, Johanem Godwyne de Castr’,

videlicet Johannes deTichemers’ et Simon de Drayton’, tenet in Marham j feodum militis de abate de Burgo, et abbas medius ut supra. Henricus Torold tenet in Castre (5) j feodum militis et dimidium feodi militis de abate de Burgo, et abbas medius ut supra.

Edwardus Charles tenet in Milton’ j feodum militis de abate de Burgo, et abbas medius ut supra.

Page 282(cont)

Johannes Marmioun tenet in Castr’ sextam partem j feodi militis de abate de Burgo, et abbas medius ut supra.          

 

P34 entry no 31 Damming of R Nene (24 Aug 1297)

An agreement whereby the abbot and convent of Thorney may continue to dam and repair a watercourse between the River Nene and Inggewelle in return for an annual payment of half a mark to the abbot and convent at Castor (sic)

…in manerio predictorum abbatis et conventus de Burgo de Castre ad duos anni terminos; videlicet ad festumsancti Michaelis tres solidos et quatour denarios, et ad Pascha tres solidos et quatour denarios.

Note: payment of this sum can be traced in subsequent surviving accounts for Castor under assised renst. E.g. NRO, Fitzwilliam(Milton) a/c roll 2388, m 4d for 1300-1

Comment: What can be meant by the convent at Castor, does it just mean the court was at Castor?

 

P78 entry no 77 John de Assfortheby fined for hunting (1295-6)

Memorandum from the rolls of the Exchequer concerning a 100s fine levied on John de Assfortheby for taking hunting dogs into the royal forest without warrant, which theabbot falsely claimed under terms of his own liberty.

…Et quia idem attornatus prius dixerat quod debitum predictum levari posset et idem Johannes clericus ets et beneficiates in ecclesia de Castr’ et plura habet bona ecclesiastica ibidem de quibus debitum etc….

Note:

John de Affordeby, d., was Rector of Castor in 1287. This  is certainly the same man. Another hunting parson!

 

 

 

P228 entry no 226 Request to institute William of Melton to church of Castor (20 Jul 1308)

Letter from Abbot Godfrey and the convent to John, Bishop of Lincoln, requesting him to institute William of Melton, chaplain,  to the church of Castor, to which the abbey has right of presentation and which is vacant de jure.

Presentatio domini Willemi de Melton’ ad ecclesiam de Castre etc…

Note:1 For William de Melton’s institution on 24 Oct  .1314, see Dalderby’s Institutions, fo. 126v. the entry is vacated.

Note:2.He was instituted, being succeeded by Rog de Northburgh in 1316

 

P289 entry no 293 Request to institute Roger de Northburgh to church of Castor (10 Mar 1316)

Letter from Abbot Godfrey and the convent to John, Bishop of Lincoln, requesting him to institute Roger de Northburgh chaplain,  to the church of Castor, to which the abbey has right of presentation and which is vacant de jure.

Presentatio domini Rogeri de Northburgh’ ad ecclesiam de Castre etc…

Note:2.He was instituted being succeeded by Roger de Nassington in 1317.

 

P117 entry 113K Rector of Castor a witness. (2 Jan 1302)

Abbas Croyl’. …. In presencia…, domini Johannis de Aysfordeby, rectoris ecclesie de Castr’,…etc

 

P28 entry no 25 Conduct of Castor Court

Order to the bailiff of the court of Castor concerning conduct of the court. Marginal reference to aid for the knighting of the king’s son (n.d.). See also page xx and possibility of date in May 1253

Document follows in Norman- French…Commaunde est au bayllyf de la curt de Castre ke les somouns tesmoyent a meynes cele curt ke nul assoyne gettent etc….

 

Page xxxiv Suit at court at Castor 1308

 

CASES AT CASTOR COURT

Page 140 entry 131 Abbot of Sulby to pay fee at Castor Court to the bailiff of Castor

Cirograffum abbatis de Suleby de secta curie de Castr’ sibi et successoribus relaxata. …etc

 

Page 55/6 entry no 50 manumission of William son of Richard of Werrington (4 Jun 1278)

……Salvis tamennobis sectiscurie nostre de Castre de tribus septimanis etc….

 

Page 65 entry no 61 re Nicholas of Bassingbourn junior to Abbot Walter

Recognition by Nicholas of Bassingbourn junior to Abbot Walter that he holds quarter of knight’s fee and will in future answer for a total of four fees(1233-45).

…Hiis testibus:…Roberto Puttok et tota curia de Castr’

 

Page 89 entry no 89 homage by Geoffrey Russel to Abbot Robert de Sutton (1262-73)

…ad curiam de Castre de tribus septimanis …etc.

 

Page 133 entry 124 Abbot of Sulby to pay fee at Castor Court

Cirograffum abbatis de Suleby… in manerio suo de Castre…etc

 

Page 167 entry no 151 Grant to John Marmyon at Castor court

pro secta curie de Castre

 

Page 264 entry no 252 Royal Writ re manors of Torpel and Upton

… sectam ad curiam predicti abbatis de Castr’…etc

 

Page 295 entry no 299 Grant by Abbot Godfrey at Castor court to Walter de Lardar (18 Feb 1309)

Et quia tenementa prius quadam serjantia pro officio curie de Castr’ faciendo onerabatur, …etc

 

Page 140 entry no 130 Grant by Thomas ...to Abbot Godfrey c1300

…Hiis testibus:…Bernardo de Castre, …etc

 

 

 

 

Page 240 entry no 244 Extract from pipe rolls for Northants (1291-92

…..

Idem vicecomes reddit compotum de xx s. de villata de Thornhawe pro concelamento de itinere J de Vallibus. Et de xl s. de villata de Castr’ quia non venit sicut continetur ibidem.

 

Page 290 entry no 294 Grant by Abbot Godfrey and the convent to Bernard of Castor of clothing and sustenance in the abbey for his lifetime. (8 Jun 1317)

Carta Bernardi de Castr’

 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quos presens….Noverit universitas vestra nos unanimi assensu concessione dilecto et fideli nostro Bernardi de Castr’ competentem sustentationem in tota vita sua in victu et vestitu in abbacia nostra;…etc

Note 1. Bernard of Castor was bailiff of the northern group of manors from 1300-1310. King Peterborough Abbey, p136