DATA BASE REF: H 1004
DOOMSDAY BOOK RECORDS NORTHAMPTONSHIRE
FOR THE HUNDRED OF UPTON
In 1066, Duke William of Normandy conquered England. He was crowned King, and most of the lands of the English (Anglo-Saxon) nobility were soon granted to his followers. The Domesday Book was complied 20 years later. The aim of the survey was to establish what or how much each landowner held in land and livestock, and to find out what it was worth.
We know from the records of Ely Diocese the questions that the Commissioners asked as they went round the counties surveying them viz:
1. The name of the place. Who held it before 1066, and now?
2. How many hides? (Note: a land unit reckoned as approx 120 acres.)
3. How many villagers, cottagers and slaves, how many free men and Freemen?
4. How much woodland, meadow and pasture? How many mills and fishponds?
5. How much has been added or taken away? What the total value was and is?
6. How much each free man or Freeman had or has? All threehold before 1066, and when King William gave it, and now; and if more can be had than at present?
The Hundred of Upton included the following villages:
Ailesworth, Castor, Milton, and stretched from Wothorpe and Burghley in the Northwest, to Glinton and Werrington, down to Peterborough and Castor (almost the same area of the Soke of Peterborough. A Hundred was an adminstrative division of a County, so called because it comprised a hundred hides of land. A Hide was a measure of land reckoned sufficient to support a free family with dependants. The meeting place for the The Hundred of Upton was for many years the Langdyke Bush.
Below are extracts from the Doomsday Book that mention Castor, Ailesworth and Milton. Note that Sutton, Upton and Marholm are not mentioned in the Doomsday Book.
CASTOR (Doomsday Refs: Map U4; Grid L12 98; Text Refs 6,4. 6a,1)
AILSWORTH (Doomsday Refs: Map U1; Grid L11 99; Text Refs 6,5. 6a,3)
MILTON(Castor) (Doomsday Refs: Map (U6); Grid 14 99; Text Refs 6a,2)
3 hides. Land for 12 ploughs. In lordship 2, with 1 slave;
13 villagers and 2 smallholders with 3 ½ ploughs.
A mill at 8s(shillings); meadow 15 acres;
woodland 6 furlongs long and 4 furlongs wide.
The value was 20s; now 50s.
6 hides. Land for 12 ploughs. In lordship 2 ploughs;
17 villagers, 2 smallholders and 8 freemen with 12 ploughs.
2 mill at 12s(shillings); meadow 15 acres;
woodland 3 furlongs long and 2 furlongs wide.
The value was 20s; now 70s.
LAND OF THIS CHURCH'S MEN in UPTON Hundred:
In CASTOR five men-at-arms hold 3 hides from the Abbot.
In lordship they have 5 ploughs;
9 villagers, 5 smallholders and 3 slaves with 2 ½ ploughs.
The value was 10s; now 40s.
Roger holds MILTON from the Abbot. 2 hides. Land for 3 ploughs.
In lordship 2, with 1 slave;
5 villagers and 6 Freemen with 2 ploughs.
Woodland 3 furlongs long and 1 wide.
The value was 20s; now 40s
In AILSWORTH three of the Abbot's men-at-arms hold 3 hides;
They have 3 ploughs Value £3."